The Romanian regalia is rather new in comparison to most European crown jewels, its pieces dating from between the late 19th century and the 1940s.
- The Steel Crown of Romania (c. 1880) is the oldest piece in the collection, and was made from an Ottoman cannon captured during the Wars of Independence. It was the coronation crown used by most Kings of the Romanians, with the exception of Carol II.
- The Crown of Queen Elisabeta was made around the same time for the coronation of Elisabeth of Wied as Queen of the Romanians. Unlike Carol’s crown, it’s made of gold, although lacking any gemstones.
- The Crown of Queen Maria was made in 1922 for the coronation of Ferdinand I of Romania and Marie of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. It’s made of gold and can be considered the most elaborate piece in the collection.
- King Carol I was in possession of a sword, made of steel and partly gold plated, with a jewelled sheath.
- A spiked sceptre (mace) was made for the coronation of Ferdinand I in 1922.
- Another mace was presented to Carol II by his troops in 1940.
The collection is on display at the National Museum of Romanian History in Bucharest.
1. Coronation portrait of Ferdinand I of Romania by unknown artist, 1922
2. Heraldic depiction of the Crown of Queen Elisabeta, from Hugo Gerard Ströhl’s Heraldischer Atlas, 1899
3, 4. Coronation portraits of Queen Maria, 1922
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